The approach to a research problem is very important within the conduct of an essay. The problem posed is a beacon that guides the reading process focused on answering the question we have raised.
A research problem can be posed in two ways: through a question or through a clear and concise description. Now, how do we pose a research problem? The problem must respond concretely to the delimited topic. One way of approaching the approach of a research problem begins at the very moment when we review the selected literature. There, necessarily, we will find something that we find in some way problematical.

For example, if reading we came across the statement that a woman has the right to abort, we could raise questions such as under what circumstances? As a product of rape? Can you still abort if the pregnancy was due to irresponsibility between the two (male-female)? From what time of gestation? In the first few weeks? a month? Is it a person who would be eliminating or taking life or is simply life but without the status of person? Is a zygote a human person or only the union of a male and a female cell? Among many other questions. What matters is that from the reading questions arise.

We could also pose problems based on our experience as readers, based on our knowledge on the subject, or based on our knowledge of our specialty. The problem raised must accurately reflect the subject matter and somehow have an empirical verification. But as the issue here is documentary, the problem raised must allow for the production of knowledge and discussion between diverse theories or theses.

Preparation of a preliminary scheme.
The rapid reading we have done of the sources or bibliography selected allows us to know what will be included and what will not be included in the essay. The preliminary scheme allows us to:
– $ – A global picture of the topic that we are going to develop.
– $ – A permanent guide to the selection of data or information.
– $ – A starting point for the final structure of the essay.

With the first reading or quick glance what we will do is an interim scheme, which will be refined little by little as we advance in our research. The importance of a provisional scheme is that it will be the basis of our final index.

Elaboration of information sheets.
The worksheets, that is, the notes that we are going to extract from the sources that we read, we will only write them once we understand the subject to treat, otherwise we will be taking notes of anything but the specific subject. Well, once the subject is known and the research problem is raised, it remains to collect the information that will allow us to develop our essay. Consequently, the tabs will be divided according to the sections that we have defined in the preliminary scheme, whether it is chapters, sections or sections. Each sheet will be listed according to the chapter, section or section. In each one of them we will record the relevant information and then use it in the final wording.

Quite simply, if the second chapter has three sections, then each tab on that chapter will be specified as Chap. 2 and each section will have the respective title. In this way, when we write about one of them, all we have to do is articulate each of the citations contained in the tabs in a continuous argument, exposed in a coherent and logical, where, of course, we will interrelate our production Of knowledge.
Let’s look at an example of a tab on a section and on the hypothetical issue of jealousy.